Salad Dressing

This is actually a pretty traditional French dressing. Although to an extent that depends on what you think “traditional” means.

See, the original French dressing, conceptually speaking, was a simple vinaigrette with garlic or onion. Consider these instructions from the Nov. 4, 1915 edition of The Milwaukee Sentinel:


To Make French Dressing
(From The Milwaukee Sentinel, Nov. 4, 1915)

Have all ingredients cold.
And have the mixing bowl cold.
Rub the bottom of the bowl with garlic.
Or a freshly cut onion may be used instead.
Put into the bowl then half a teaspoonful of salt.
Until the salt has been dissolved this rubbing must be steadily continued.
Keep on this rubbing, adding from four to six tablespoonfuls of olive oil.
Next add a saltspoonful of pepper and begin rubbing with the wooden spoon.
Then begin adding a tablespoonful of good vinegar or lemon juice. Beat a moment after it is in.
Use at once, pouring over a dish of lettuce leaves or other green salad, which has been thoroughly washed, dried and arranged in a salad bowl.

An article in the March 1, 1957 St. Petersburg Times titled “‘French’ Dressing Could Alienate Ally” observes how far the then-contemporary concept of French dressing diverged from the original: “Congress, if not in the spirit of fair play, should see to it that this mongrel mixture that passes for salad dressing in planes, trains and most American restaurants should be forcibly restrained from the use of the word “French” in its nomenclature.” (I do urge you to follow the link and read the whole thing. It was clearly written by someone who shares my sense of self-control and proportion.)

Well, fair enough. So what happened?

Most of the earlier tomato French recipes seem to call for condensed tomato soup, like this one from the August 24, 1940 edition of The Virgin Island Times. That makes me think it has something to do with emulsification.

The current Campbell’s condensed tomato soup label lists tapioca starch and xanthan gum as ingredients. Whether these were present in the early 1900s or it was some other emulsifiers and thickeners, they would serve to make a vinaigrette that doesn’t separate the way the traditional French dressing would if permitted to settle. (In fact, the vinaigrettes of the 1920s to 1960s were often prepared tableside, which could pose a problem at a potluck).

This article in the Evansville (Indiana) Courier-Press from last year speculates that Kraft’s 1925 introduction of a French dressing with tomato was what led down the tomato path. Maybe, but the dressing Kraft introduced, Miracle French, was still translucent, and remained so through the 1960s.

So although it’s a jagged evolution, my best guess would be that the path of French was that it was a vinaigrette in the 1910s, a clear tomato vinaigrette in the 1920s, a creamy emulsified vinaigrette in the 1940s, and then sometime in the 1950s, turned into the familiar orange glop immortalized in that St. Pete Times piece.

ksu_folder A family recipe provided by Jennifer Kiel of Washington, DC, from her mother-in-law’s collection, started in Kent, Ohio.


Salad Dressing

Use equal parts of vinegar, sugar, catsup, oil and a pinch of salt. This becomes more tasty after it stands a few hours. I find using just a little more vinegar is better.

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